For the overwhelming majority of people outside the French-speaking world the Hundred Years War consisted of a sequence of major English victories, above all CrEcy, Poitiers and Agincourt. The only significant victor or 'hero' on the French side was Joan of Arc, and she ended up being burned at the stake. Yet somehow the war ended in a French victory and with England's martial energies being turned against itself in the Wars of the Roses. This book is intended to provide some balance. It will describe the campaign that brought the Hundred Years War to a close, with English possessions being confined to Calais and the Channel Islands. It will also explain how the somewhat unprepossessing and unmartial King Charles VII of France succeeded where his predecessors had failed. The campaign consisted of more than battles, of course, but it was marked by two major victories - at Formigny in 1450 and at Castillon in 1453. Formigny is of special interest because it saw French cavalry defeat English archers, in effect a reversal of CrEcy, Poitiers and Agincourt, and could be interpreted as one of the last 'medieval' battles. Castillon is of interest because it was a victory of gunpowder artillery in fixed positions over a traditional medieval assault by mixed infantry and cavalry, and thus could be interpreted as one of the first 'modern' battles.
About the Author
DR. DAVID NICOLLE was born in 1944 and lives in England. He worked for BBC Television News and the BBC Arabic Services and, after returning to university to obtain a Doctorate, he taught in a Jordanian university. Since returning from the Middle East Dr. Nicolle has written numerous books, both academic and for the general reader, on various aspects of Islamic and medieval history. He has also contributed articles to many academic journals and specialist encyclopedias, and has presented papers at various scientific or historical conferences. Meanwhile Dr. Nicolle continues his research into medieval Islamic military technology, a field in which he is respected as a leading expert.
Graham Turner is a leading historical artist, specializing in the medieval period. He has illustrated numerous titles for Osprey, covering a wide variety of subjects from the dress of the 10th-century armies of the Caliphates, through the action of bloody medieval battles, to the daily life of the British Redcoat of the late 18th century. The son of the illustrator Michael Turner, Graham lives and works in Buckinghamshire, UK.
"...provides a fine narrowed focus on the battles of Formigny and Castillon which represented a change in how warfare was perceived and fought, and is a pick for any collection strong in medieval European history." --James A. Cox, The Midwest Book Review (August 2012)