From Paleolithic flax to 3D knitting, explore the global history of textiles and the world they weave together in this enthralling and educational guide.
The story of humanity is the story of textiles -- as old as civilization itself. Since the first thread was spun, the need for textiles has driven technology, business, politics, and culture.
In The Fabric of Civilization, Virginia Postrel synthesizes groundbreaking research from archaeology, economics, and science to reveal a surprising history. From Minoans exporting wool colored with precious purple dye to Egypt, to Romans arrayed in costly Chinese silk, the cloth trade paved the crossroads of the ancient world. Textiles funded the Renaissance and the Mughal Empire; they gave us banks and bookkeeping, Michelangelo's David and the Taj Mahal. The cloth business spread the alphabet and arithmetic, propelled chemical research, and taught people to think in binary code.
Assiduously researched and deftly narrated, The Fabric of Civilization tells the story of the world's most influential commodity.
"From the Stone Age to Silicon Valley, textiles have played a central role in the history of the world. Virginia Postrel has an encyclopedic knowledge of the subject but she imparts it with a touch as light as Penelope's at the loom. Ambitious, erudite, and absorbing, The Fabric of Civilization
is both an education and a pleasure to read."
—Barry Strauss, author ofTen Caesars: Roman Emperors from Augustus to Constantine
has created a fascinating history of textiles from their Palaeolithic
beginnings to the present and future -- from the earliest plant fibers plucked
from weeds to synthetic fabrics with computer chips in the threads. And
why, you say, should we examine mere cloth? Precisely because it fills
more and more roles in our lives, yet we take it for granted.... Well researched and highly readable, the book is a
—Elizabeth Wayland Barber, author of Women'sWork: The First 20,000 Years Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times and PrehistoricTextiles
surprising and beautifully written history of technology, economics, and
culture, told through the thread of textiles, humanity's most indispensable
artefacts. I loved it."
—Matt Ridley, author of How Innovation Works
"The story of
technology is a story of human ingenuity, and nowhere is this more clear than
in the story of textiles: the original technology, going beyond what we
commonly think of as 'tech.'
As with many technologies, we suffer an amnesia about them when we enjoy them
in abundance, as Postrel observes; her book gives us back our memories about
this technology that we use every day without even knowing it."
—Marc Andreessen, co-founder, Netscape andAndreessen Horowitz
and completely accessible, this book opens up an entirely new world of textiles,
explaining the most ancient archeological fabrics and the latest polymer blends
that cool the body -- not warm it as textiles have done for thousands of
years -- with equal verve."
—Valerie Hansen, author of The Year 1000: When Explorers Connected the World-andGlobalization Began
learned, addictive book tells a story of human ingenuity.... Her deep story is of
the liberty that permitted progress. Presently the descendants of slaves
and serfs and textile workers got closets full of beauty, and fabric for the
cold, a Great Enrichment since 1800 of three thousand percent."
—Deirdre Nansen McCloskey, author of theBourgeois Era trilogy
wide-ranging... This is an engrossing and illuminating portrait of the essential
role fabric has played in human history."
"Virginia Postrel captures the ingenuity with which
people around the globe solved the problems of raising fiber, spinning thread,
making cloth, and giving it beautiful colors. This book opens the reader's eyes
not only to the textiles that daily surround us but also to the remarkable
skills of their makers."
—Jenny Balfour-Paul, authorof Indigo
"The Fabric of Civilization: How Textiles Made the World
is one of the most compelling books I've ever read on the history of textiles-witty, well-researched, and full of fascinating things I'd never known despite being quite well-read on textile technology. (Did you know that letters of credit from clothiers helped build the early European banking system? Or that aniline dyes were one of the earliest applications of organic chemistry?) If you thought Elizabeth Wayland Barber's Women's Work: The First 20,000 Years
was interesting, you'll swoon over this book. I loved
—Tien Chiu, weaver, teacher, and author of Master Your Craft
"The Fabric of Civilization
is more engaging and informative than any textile science or textile history course that I studied in college. Postrel has distilled thousands of years of the making and manipulation of string (thread) into a comprehensible read whether or not you have knowledge of its invention or the current bio-engineering research. She has woven in personal experiences; interviewed historians, computer programmers, scientists, textile archeologists, and contemporary and indigenous artisans; and gone behind the scenes in textile laboratories and manufacturing plants. After reading this book, I felt like I had wandered the world for centuries using fabric for my currency and wealth. I had won political battles in its name. I had been sickened as well as healed by it. And now I am an inventor synthesizing environmentally healthy fabric by means of chemicals. My appreciation and knowledge of how textiles make the world have been greatly enhanced."
—Marilyn Murphy, co-founder ClothRoads and formerpresident of Interweave
"Fiber artists of any stripe, prepare for a juicy read through a new book on textile history! Virginia Postrel's new book will turn your old ideas about fabric and civilization down unexpected pathways. The Fabric of Civilization
is divided into chapters loosely related to individual textile processes, such as spinning, weaving, and dyeing, and the author points out that textiles are the basis of our number systems, our banking, our commerce, and our science. This book is full of stories of individuals who innovated entire systems because of their sensitivity to textile processes. The author actually learned to spin and weave while writing this book, and her explanations and diagrams are spot on. Profusely illustrated with photos and diagrams, and contains a comprehensive bibliography. Highly recommended."
—Alice Schlein, weaver, author of NetworkDrafting and The Woven PixelThe Fabric of Civilization: How Textiles Made the World
chronicles the laborious and cumulative innovations that allow cloth to play an essential role in our comfort, cultural identity, and our dependence on programmable functions. At times, the fabric of society appears threadbare but, based on the global nature of textiles, it is comforting to know that all cultures have a shared experience. Postrel reminds us that we are all woven together with colorful threads."
—Susie Taylor, artist